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Ephesus Museum
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My Favourite Planet > English > Middle East > Turkey > Selçuk > photo gallery 2
Selçuk gallery 2 Ephesus Museum, Selçuk 9 of 10
Roman marble head of the so-called philosopher king, Ephesus Archaeological Museum, Selcuk at My Favourite Planet

Roman period head, labelled the "philosopher king". Ephesus Archaeological Museum, Selçuk.
For further details about the Ephesus Archaeological Museum,
including opening times, see page 4: sightseeing in Selçuk.
 
The marble head is dated to the early 2nd century AD, perhaps between 110 and 130 AD, during the Roman Imperial period. It was discovered in 1988 in a buried sarcophagus containing the skeletons of a man in his 60s and a boy, at the lower end of the Kuretes Street, near "Hadrian's Gate".

It has been suggested that it is a portrait of Tiberius Claudius Aristion (see gallery page 4), a wealthy, influentual citizen of Ephesus, who was Neokoros (warden of the temple) and High Priest of the Roman Imperial Cult in Asia Minor. This theory is based on an interdisciplinary study of the finds: an examination of the head led to the conclusion that it is of a high priest from the crown he wears, and comparison with the man's skeleton which was subjected to an anthropological study.

See: Hilke Thür, Porträt eines Kaiserpriesters und Mäzens aus Ephesos (in German). Forum Archaeologiae, Zeitschrift für klassische Archäologie 7 / VI / 1998.

Other theories have also attempted to identify Aristion as the official who calmed the riot at the Temple of Artemis during Saint Paul's time at Ephesus (New Testament, Book of Acts, Chapter 19, Verse 35).
Selçuk

photo galleries

 
Selcuk photo gallery 1 - town of Selcuk, Turkey

gallery 1
Selçuk town
 
Selcuk photo gallery 2 - Ephesus Archaeological Museum, Turkey

gallery 2
Ephesus Museum
 
Selcuk photo gallery 3 - Serbian folk dancers in Selcuk, Turkey

gallery 3
Serbian dancers
SEE ALSO:
The My Favourite Planet travel guide to Ephesus, Turkey

Ephesus


the nearby archaeological site
Map, photos and articles: © David John,
except where otherwise specified.

Additional photos: © Konstanze Gundudis

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Images and materials by other authors
have been attributed where applicable.

Please do not use these photos or articles without permission.

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Higher resolution versions are available on request.
 
 
See also
The Cheshire Cat Blog
photo essays about Turkey:

Istanbul Essentials part 1

Istanbul Essentials part 2

Istanbul Essentials part 3
with video

Ionian Spring part 1

Ionian Spring part 2

Ionian Spring part 3
 
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