|My Favourite Planet > English > Middle East > Turkey > |
||Introduction to Istanbul
map of north-western Turkey and the Aegean area.
See a larger interactive map of this area.
||facts and figures
Formerly known as known as:
from circa 660 BC Byzantium (Greek, Byzantion);
330-1930 AD Constantinople (Konstantinoupolis, city of Constantine)
The Istanbul Metropolitan Municipality
consists of 39 districts.
||Mediterranean, temperate with hot,|
dry summers and mild, wet winters
||12.8 million (estimated)|
5th largest city in the world by population
||2,392 per square km (estimated)|
||Eastern European Time (EET)|
Daylight Saving Schedule:
Summer (from last Sunday in March)
GMT/UTC +3 hours
Winter (from last Sunday in October)
GMT/UTC +2 hours
||Turkish Lira (TL or TRY)|
||+90 - 212 (European side)
+90 - 216 (Asian side)
|Further information for Turkey, including visa details,|
can be found on our Turkey pages.
|Turkey photo galleries:
See also: Istanbul Essentials photo essays
|Map, photos and articles: © David John 2004 - 2016.
All photos and articles are copyright protected.
Images and materials by other authors
have been attributed where applicable.
Please do not use these photos or articles without permission.
If you are interested in using any of the photos for your website,
blog or publication, please get in contact.
Higher resolution versions are available on request.
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Ottoman ceramic tile inscription in the Topkapi Palace, Istanbul