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My Favourite Planet > English > Middle East > Turkey > Ephesus > photo gallery
Ephesus, Turkey Ephesus photo gallery 1 24 of 62

Frieze of Theodosius, his family, Artemis and other deities, Ephesus at My Favourite Planet

The "Theodosius frieze" on the right wall of the porch: Emperor Theodosius I with his family and deities.
The "Temple of Hadrian"

Part 4: Frieze Block D,
the "Theodosius frieze"

The frieze relief on the right wall of the porch interior

As with the other three frieze reliefs (see gallery pages 22-23), the identification of the figures is uncertain. It is thought that the Byzantine Emperor Theodosius I (reigned 379-395 AD) stands in the centre with his left arm raised, and is flanked by members of his family and deities, including Athena or Roma (far left) and Artemis (4th from right).

The emperor takes on the heroic role of Androklos, the legendary founder of Ephesus, and the neo ktistes (new founder) of the temple. To his right is an animal, either meant to represent Androklos' hunting dog or the boar he killed in the foundation myth.

One (not entirely convincing) interpretation of the relief identifies the 13 figures as (left-right):
1 Dea Roma, 2 Selene (Luna), 3 Helios (Sol),
4 Apollo, 5 Artemis, 6 Androklos (or an emperor as Androklos) and his dog, 7 Herakles,
8 Dionysus, 9 Hermes, 10 Aphrodite,
11 Ares, 12 ?, 13 Athena.

This relief is a copy of the original now in the Ephesus Archaeological Museum, Selçuk.
Inv. No. 716.
Marble. Height 60.5 cm, width 161 cm,
depth 27-34 cm.

Relief of Emperor Theodosius I on the Temple of Hadrian at My Favourite Planet

Emperor Theodosius I?
photos and articles:
© David John

See also:


the nearby town

galleries index

Selcuk photo gallery 1 - town of Selcuk, Turkey

gallery 1
around town

Selcuk photo gallery 2 - Ephesus Archaeological Museum, Turkey

gallery 2

Selcuk photo gallery 3 - Serbian folk dancers in Selcuk, Turkey

gallery 3
Serbian dancers
visit Selçuk

Theodosius and the figures on the left of the Theodosius frieze at My Favourite Planet

Theodosius and the figures on the left of the "Theodosius frieze".

Theodosius and the figures on the right of the Theodosius frieze at My Favourite Planet

Theodosius and the figures on the right of the "Theodosius frieze".

The Theodosius frieze on the right of the porch of the Temple of Hadrian, Ephesus at My Favourite Planet

An older photo of the "Theodosius frieze" on the right of the porch of the "Temple of Hadrian".
Photos, articles and map: © David John,
except where otherwise specified.

Additional photos: © Konstanze Gundudis

All photos and articles are copyright protected.

Images and materials by other authors
have been attributed where applicable.

Please do not use these photos or articles without permission.

If you are interested in using any of the photos for your website,
project or publication, please get in contact.

Higher resolution versions are available on request.

Some of the information and photos in this guide to Ephesus
originally appeared in 2004 on
See also
The Cheshire Cat Blog
photo essays about Turkey:

Istanbul Essentials part 1

Istanbul Essentials part 2

Istanbul Essentials part 3
with video

Ionian Spring part 1

Ionian Spring part 2

Ionian Spring part 3
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